Thursday, March 19, 2020
The Basics Supply and Demand Supply and Demand analysis is relatively straightforward once the terminology is understood. The important terms are as follows: PriceQuantityDemand and Demand CurveQuantity DemandedSupply and Supply CurveQuantity SuppliedEquilibriumSurplusShortage Basic supply and demand analysis is done one of two ways - either graphically or numerically. If done graphically, it is important to set up the graph in the standard form. The Graph Traditionally economists have placed price (P) on the Y-axis and quantity (Q), as in quantity consumed or quantity purchased/sold on the X-axis. An easy way to remember how to label each axis is to remember P then Q, since the price (P) label occurs above and to the left of the quantity (Q) label. Next, there are two curves to understand - the demand curve and the supply curve. The Demand Curve A demand curve is simply a demand function or demand schedule represented graphically. Note that demand is not simply a number - it is a one-to-one relationship between prices and quantities. The following is an example of a demand schedule: Demand Schedule $10 - 200 units$20 - 145 units$30 - 110 units$40 - 100 unitsNote that demand is not simply a number such as 145. The quantity level associated with a particular price (such as 145 units $20) is known as a quantity demanded.A more detailed description of the demand curve can be found at: The Economics of Demand. The Supply Curve Supply curves, supply functions, and supply schedules are not conceptually different than their demand counterparts. Once again, supply is never represented as a number. When considering the problem from the point of view of the seller the quantity level associated with a particular price is known as quantity supplied. A more detailed description of the supply curve can be found at: The Economics of Supply. Equilibrium Equilibrium occurs when at a specific price P, quantity demanded quantity supplied. In other words, if there is some price where the amount buyers wish to buy is the same as the amount sellers wish to sell, then equilibrium occurs. Consider the following demand and supply schedules: Demand Schedule $10 - 200 units$20 - 145 units$30 - 110 units$40 - 100 units Supply Schedule $10 - 100 units$20 - 145 units$30 - 180 units$40 - 200 unitsAt a price of $20, consumers wish to purchase 145 units and sellers which to provide 145 units. Thus quantity supplied quantity demanded and we have an equilibrium of ($20, 145 units) Surplus A surplus, from the supply and demand perspective, is a situation where, at the current price, quantity supplied exceeds quantity demanded. Consider the demand and supply schedules above. At a price of $30, quantity supplied is 180 units and quantity demanded is 110 units, leading to a surplus of 70 units (180-11070). Our market, then, is out of equilibrium. The current price is unsustainable and must be lowered in order for the market to reach equilibrium. Shortage A shortage is simply the flip-side of a surplus. It is a situation where, at the current price, quantity demanded exceeds quantity supplied. At a price of $10, quantity supplied is 100 units and quantity demanded is 200 units, leading to a shortage of 100 units (200-100100). Our market, then, is out of equilibrium. The current price is unsustainable and must be raised in order for the market to reach equilibrium.Now you know the basics of supply and demand. Have additional questions? I can be reached via the feedback form.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Choose the Best Time to Study for Finals With finals coming up in just a couple weeks, a lot of students start planning their studying schedules. However, theres an important factor to take into consideration when making a plan: when do you study best? Youve heard of Ã¢â¬Å"morningÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"nightÃ¢â¬ people, right? Some people simply function better in the morning than at night while others struggle to get out of bed in the morning but have no problem burning the midnight oil. Each individual has times during the day when their brain is more alert and theyre able to assimilate and process information as well as create and produce. Trying to push through during the other hours can not only be unproductive, it can also be counter-productive. Thats because the study session wont have been successful, leading to burn-out and discouragement. Finding out the best time to study can help you make the most of your limited time during finals season. Why It Matters During Finals During finals period, this concept is particularly relevant. By identifying when youre most alert, you can plan a study schedule that allows you to maximize your productivity. You can choose to rest or do other activities during your less productive hours to make sure you can make the most out of your Ã¢â¬Å"onÃ¢â¬ time. How To Identify Your Most Productive Time Most people have an instinct for when theyre most productive. If you tend to be bright and ready for the day in the morning but hit a slump after lunch, and tend to knock off early, falling asleep while reading at 9p.m., you can assume that mornings are your best time. If mornings are tough for you and you generally need a landslide of caffeine to get you moving, slowly working your way up to speed as the day wears on and peaking at night after dinner, then your nights will be your most productive times. Some people have slow mornings and early nights but tend to burst with energy in the afternoons. In that case, your most productive time will be during the afternoon. Of course, the best way to be sure is to test this theory out. Choose to study in the morning, afternoon and night and see which one works best for you. If you have the chance to give this a test drive before the finals season hits, it could really help you make the most out of your study time. How Can You Maximize Your Productive Hours? Once you discover your best working time, you should find ways to guard that precious time. Eliminate or at least limit your distractions as much as possible. A quiet, isolated place to study would be ideal so you dont run the risk of friends or family members interrupting you. Turning off phones or putting them on silent or vibrate is also a helpful way to keep distractions to a minimum. Dont tempt yourself with social media during these hours, either. Leave that for another time. Create a Pattern If you can create and stick to a schedule, it will be even more beneficial to your productivity. Adhering to a specific plan every day helps trigger the brain into Ã¢â¬Å"work modeÃ¢â¬ when its time for serious studying and can enhance your productivity even more. The more consistent you are, the better your work sessions will be. Dont just be consistent with your work, though. Being consistent with the things you do outside of your studying hours is also important. Exercise, eating, and sleeping routines also help keep the brain and body in top running condition. Many successful writers keep consistent schedules. Acclaimed author Haruki Murakami keeps a rigorous schedule of waking at 4am, writing for five or six hours, running or swimming or both and then reading and listening to music. Bed-time is 9:00pm. He describes this process of bringing himself into a kind of a trance with a repetitive pattern that he can rely on every day. Whichever time of day is best for your studies, make sure to get the most out of it by limiting distractions and making the most of your Ã¢â¬Å"offÃ¢â¬ time as well.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Critique of a research article (See below for article )) - Essay Example rect relation to the research gap outline in the above introductory paragraph, Sawyer and Penman (2007) address the impact of computer use on nursing practitioners. More specifically, they address the physical consequences of usage and whether or not nurses receive the required ergonomics training and implement it in their practice. This study will critique offer a comprehensive critique of Sawey and PenmanÃ¢â¬â¢s (2007) article. The critique will commence with an overview of Sawyer and PenmanÃ¢â¬â¢s (2007) article. Within the context of this overview, the rationale for the article will be explicated, a brief review of its selected methodology presented and, importantly, the importance of the article and its relevance to contemporary nursing practices will be fully articulated. Computers are becoming increasingly prevalent in the healthcare setting, and their potential applications and value are extensive. Computers store and process information that can be interconnected to various sources to transfer information from one source to another within the hospital and outside to the world at large. Within the field of nursing, computers can be used by nurses for the purposes of education and seeking information, facilitating communication, and patient documentation. While much of the literature focuses on factors contributing to computer utilization, few studies describe the actual computer utilization by nurses. The available literature identifies uses and benefits of computer access that are often anecdotal and assumptive. Computer technology is rapidly evolving, and research is not keeping up with examining and documenting its impact on the profession of nursing. In a profession focused on providing evidence based practice, current and relevant evidence is needed regarding, not just the actual application of computers by nurses, but the health-related impact of usage on nurses. The implication here is that the rationale for this article stems from the role which
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Does NY stop and frisk reduce crime - Term Paper Example believe that the policy on Ã¢â¬Å"stop and friskÃ¢â¬ has been quite effective in terms of reducing crime (Mac Donald, 2012). New York is not the only city that has tried to implement the Ã¢â¬Å"stop and friskÃ¢â¬ policy. To make the criminals feel apprehended at the time of government election in 2008, the police department of Philadelphia also implemented the same policy. A couple of years after the MayorÃ¢â¬â¢s election, the incidence of murder was significantly reduced by up to 22% (Lamberth, 2012). Answering the question Ã¢â¬Å"Does NY stop and frisk reduce crime?Ã¢â¬ is not easy to answer due to the fact that the real factor that could increase or decrease in the crime rate is very complex. Although Philadelphia mentioned that there was a 22% reduction in the number of reported murder, this figure does not necessarily mean that the process of implementing the Ã¢â¬Å"stop and friskÃ¢â¬ policy was the root cause behind the decreasing trend in murder cases. In fact, Lamberth (2012) mentioned that the state of Philadelphia was already experiencing a decrease in the number of murder cases since 2006. Up to the present time, there is no scientific evidence that can prove that the process of implementing Ã¢â¬Å"stop and friskÃ¢â¬ policy is effective in terms of reducing crime. The fact that the "black pedestrians were stopped at a rate that is 50 percent greater than their representation in the residential census" makes this policy develop racism and prejudism in New York (Neumeister, Hays, & Gross, 2012). Gardiner, S., & Saul, M. (2012, June 20). The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 22, 2012, from New Panel Examines Police Tactics : http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303703004577476980483677206.html Lamberth, J. (2012). Retrieved July 22, 2012, from The Effectiveness of Stop and Frisk in the United States:
Saturday, January 25, 2020
Performance appraisals are conducted yearly for each staff employee. Semiannual or quarterly reviews are recommended to foster better communication between supervisors and employees in assessing progress, jointly developing new plans and objectives, and clarifying expectations for the coming year. This process is designed to improve job understanding, promote more effective job performance, and establish future goals for career growth. Some goals of the performance appraisals are to provide staff members with feedback on their performance and accomplishments for the previous year. This program should also assist staff members in understanding their job responsibilities and supervisor's performance expectations. Performance goals for the upcoming year and specific plans to help staff members meet those goals should also be established through this process. During each annual appraisal conference the employee and supervisor review the employee's performance during the previous year measured against standards set at the start of the year. Both successes and failures are reviewed. It is constructive to take the time to understand why certain objectives were successfully achieved and what prevented the successful achievement of other objectives. This review helps to set and achieve new objectives in the year ahead. A key part of the appraisal process is a self-review by the employee, which will allow the employee to review his or her own performance. This can enhance two-way comm... leadership Essay -- essays research papers Performance appraisals are conducted yearly for each staff employee. Semiannual or quarterly reviews are recommended to foster better communication between supervisors and employees in assessing progress, jointly developing new plans and objectives, and clarifying expectations for the coming year. This process is designed to improve job understanding, promote more effective job performance, and establish future goals for career growth. Some goals of the performance appraisals are to provide staff members with feedback on their performance and accomplishments for the previous year. This program should also assist staff members in understanding their job responsibilities and supervisor's performance expectations. Performance goals for the upcoming year and specific plans to help staff members meet those goals should also be established through this process. During each annual appraisal conference the employee and supervisor review the employee's performance during the previous year measured against standards set at the start of the year. Both successes and failures are reviewed. It is constructive to take the time to understand why certain objectives were successfully achieved and what prevented the successful achievement of other objectives. This review helps to set and achieve new objectives in the year ahead. A key part of the appraisal process is a self-review by the employee, which will allow the employee to review his or her own performance. This can enhance two-way comm...
Thursday, January 16, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENT I: CHAPTER ONE 1. 0 Introduction 2. 1 Background of the studyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 1. 2. 2 Problem statementÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 1 2. 3 Statement of the StudyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 1 2. 4 Objective of the StudyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 2 2. 5 Significance of the StudyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 2 2. 6 Research QuestionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 2 2. 7 Hypothesis of the StudyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦2 2. 8 Limitation of the StudyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 2 2. 9 Delimitation of the studyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦3 II: CHAPTER TWO . 0 Literature ReviewÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 3 III: CHAPTER THREE 3. 0 Research Methodology 4. 10 IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 3 4. 11 Sample SizeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 4 4. 12 Data Collection, Methods And InstrumentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 4 IV: CHAPTER FOUR 4. 0 Data analysis or PresentationÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢ â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦4 4. 1 Time and Findings InterpretationÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦4 V: CHAPTER FIVE 5. 0 Summary 6. 13 ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦4 6. 14 RecommendationÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 6. 15 BibliographyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦5 6. 16 AppendixÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦5 CHAPTER ONE 1. 0. INTRODUCTION. This research work intends to make an investigation on poor performance in Math ematics Subject and the factors leading to poor performance of form four students in Kimala secondary school which is the community school. This study will also evaluate the performance of Kimala secondary school form four National exam results of two years as of 2011 and 2012. 2. 1.HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF MATHEMATICS PERFOMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TANZANIA PARTICULARLY KIMALA SECONDARY SCHOOL. Mathematics is compulsory subject in Tanzania but it is the using in scientist matter in Tanzania and it is used as a major of instruction from secondary schools to tertiary level. All official and legal documents are written appreciate the Mathematics subject as the best in refresh brain and to make somebody to calculate each and every thing in mathematics methods. Mathematics was introduced in Tanzania by the British during the colonial era. . 2. PROBLEM STATEMENT The topic to be investigated in this study is the performance of Mathematics subject in form four National examinations in Kimala secondary school. 1. 2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The researcher wants to make an evaluation on the performance of Mathematics subject in form four National examinations in Kimala secondary school. 1. 3. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1. 4. GENERAL OBJECTIVE To evaluate the form four studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ Mathematics performance in National examinations. 1. 5.SPECIFIC OJECTIVE .To investigate how Mathematics subject is performed in National examinations by Kimala secondary school, form four students. .To examine and evaluate the Mathematics performance in form four National examinations of two years in Kimala secondary school. 1. 5. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The research will help to improve Mathematics Subject and academic performance in Kimala secondary school. 1. 6. ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY This research proposal consists of three (3) chapters.The first chapter will help the researcher to discover the causes of poor Mathematics performance of form four students in Kimala secondary sch ool. Chapter two will be about other researchersÃ¢â¬â¢ findings. Chapter three will talk about research methods which will be used in this research work. HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY 1. May be the lack of text book 2. May be the shortage of the can be the factor that affects the performance of form four students in Kimala secondary school 3. May be undisciplined of the students. DEFINITION OF TERMS. 1. 7. LIMITATION OF THE STUDYThe researcher faced some problems during research proposal writing as follows; Lack of enough funds for typing, printing and binding this research proposal. a. DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY. Researcher has tried to type, print and bind this proposal by using his pocket money. CHAPTER TWO 1. LITERATURE REVIEW. This chapter will provide a range of reviewed literature which will be relevant to the study which will speculate school environment in relation to performance of mathematics subject in Kimala secondary school. THE LACK OF TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS AFFEC T MATHEMATICS PERFORMANCE.Anderson, B (1990:2) stated that, Ã¢â¬Å"Kilimanjaro region success in education sector is made possible by the donor who funded school teaching materials like mathematics books. Though Kilimanjaro region became the second after Dar-es-Salaam. Ã¢â¬ some schools in Kilimanjaro including Kimala secondary school receive support from world food program, international fund for agriculture development and other organizations which all together helps to feed schools and most students even those who are found among secondary schools in Kilimanjaro do not turn back home until they use evening time for studies.Mwendapole (2009:4) Reported that, Ã¢â¬Å"half of the students who attempted leaving certificate examination failed the Mathematics subject, as the minister for educational and vocation training announced publicly through radio and television. Ã¢â¬ The ministerÃ¢â¬â¢s report showed that most students performed poorly in Mathematics subject. This was the indication that there is lack of teaching and learning facilities like Mathematics books, Mathematics teaching aids like manila and others.According to Ahiakwo, M. J (1989:295-6), A Crisis in the school of some countries is being caused by irrelevant curricula, in adequately trained teachers, lack of teaching materials such as Mathematics text books which are designed for use in teaching as whole or part of particular study course, reference books which are designed for use in teaching as whole or part of particular study course, reference books which contain collected information. Wickliffe N.J (1997:181) Said, drawings combine the features of both picture and charts in that they represent something that is real and at the same time, do so in form of summary, drawings are symbolized summaries of the real earth and it is important to remember this, for symbolism is code and children need to be taught to reach such codes. This significance of objects is depicting the whole situation of lacking in English teaching in secondary schools in Tanzania. CHAPTER THREE 2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGYThe research design was used especially cross section research design where the information for study was collected on time in which both question for students ad interview for the head of the school and academic matter were used. The researcher was able to access many people so that he made genuine interpretation and generalization to other subject by using this research design. Also the researcher was able to spend few hours to complete the whole process of collecting data by using survey research. 3. 1. INTRODUCTIONThe researcher will use the questionnaires method which includes both open and closed questions and the observation method whereby he will visit Kilimanjaro secondary school. The targeted population will be considered 3. 2. SAMPLE SIZE: TARGETED POPULATION For successful research in Kimala secondary school likewise the researcher decides to use the sample size of 50% from Kimala secondary school. Researcher intends to provide the questionnaires to 50% of the respondents The researcher will use both probability sampling and non probability sampling to collect information whereby each and every element will have equal chance of be selected.Probability sampling gives every member of the population equal opportunity of being included in the study. The researcher will use simple random sampling because it has no complexities involved. 3. 3. DATA COLLECTION METHODS AND INSTRUMENTS The researcher decides to use questionnaire methods, and actual observation in collecting information. A. QUESTIONNAIRE METHOD A Questionnaire consists of planned questions related to the topic in order to gather information required to accomplish the research work. 3. 4. DATA COLLECTIONThe researcher will use questionnaire to get information from the respondents. 3. 5. DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION This study is aimed at analyzing the factors and reasons causing poor acade mic performance of form four students mathematics examinations. Researcher will use tables, pie charts, columns, bars and line charts to analyze and interpret the data he will obtain. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Ahiakwo, M. J (1989). Faculty of Technical and Science Education. Mozambique: River State Ahiakwo, M. J (1992), An investigation into Public Perception and Knowledge of Science.Mozambique: River State Ahiakwo, M. J (1995), Cognitive Study and Students. Mozambique: River State. Ahiakwo, M. J (2000), An investigation into Public Perception and Knowledge of Science. Mozambique: River State Anderson, B (1990), Pupils Conceptions of Matter and its Transformations Studies in education Science. Bajah, B (1988), African Science in School Curriculum. New Jersey: African World Press. Basalla, G (1976), The Persistence Stereotype: Childs Image. London: Virago Ltd APENEX EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRESThis questionnaire consists of five sections as shown below: SECTION AYES/NO SECTION BMULTPLE CHOICE SECTI ON CSHORT ANSWER SECTION D TRUE AND FALSE Please answer all questions as instructed and return the dull filled questionnaire to the researcher. Your contribution will be highly appreciated in the completion of this work. Any information given in this paper will be treated as confidential and will not be revealed anywhere. Do not write your name please. SECTION A Part 1 Write YES/NO to the following questions. . Basic Mathematic performance is affected by traditional values 2. Low motivation of teachers lead to poor performance is science discipline 3. Lack facilitates lead to poor performance on basic mathematics PART II Multiple choices 1. Performance in Basic mathematics subject is affected by a. Parent teachers and students b. Facilities 2. Poor performance in Basic mathematics affects a. Historical background b. Scientific and technological matter 3. Poor performance have been a problem mostly in . Science disciplines b. Basic mathematics PART III 1. List at least any four facto rs leading to poor performance is basic mathematics subjects a) _______________________ b) _______________________ c) _______________________ d) _______________________ PART IV Write a word TRUE or FALSE to the following statements given 3. 8. Mathematic is an art subject. 3. 9. Majority of the student are not serious in mathematic subject. 3. 10. In Kimala secondary school there are many mathematic books in the library 3. 1. The change of the curriculum caused poor performance in mathematic subject at Kimala secondary school. 3. 12. Many students failed in mathematic subject because of the lack of mathematics teacher. TIME TABLE MONTH| ACTIVITIES| TIME SCHEDULE| REMARKS COMPLETED| Feb 28| Surveying of school | 10:00 am Ã¢â¬â 01:00 pm| | March 2| To bring letter to authority | 08:00 am Ã¢â¬â 10:00 pm| | March 11| Researching day (Data collection) | 08:00 am Ã¢â¬â 12:00 Noon| | March 12| Compelling data | 07:00 pm Ã¢â¬â 1o:00 pm| |March 18 | Data analysis | 03:00pm Ã¢â¬â 07: 00 pm | | March 27| Data presentation | 03:00 pm Ã¢â¬â 07: 00 pm| | April | To write report | 08:00 am Ã¢â¬â 10:00 am | | April 15| Submission of report to authority| 10:00 am Ã¢â¬â 11:00 am| | BUDGET S/NO| ACTIVITY| REQUIREMENT| AMOUNT| 1| My income| . | Nil| 2| Transport| petrol| 97000| 3| Stationary charge| Tipying,pen,ruler| 50000| 4| Meals/accommodation| Food charge, lodge| 30000| 5| miscellanies| Caution money| 15000| 6| Assistance| Salary| 20000| TOTAL 212000
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
The Physics of Roller Coasters The roller coaster has its beginnings in Russia where during the 1600s. People crafted sleds out of wood and built hills made of ice blocks. The hills had sand at the bottom to help slow down the sleds so they would not crash when they reached the bottom of the hill.1 Over time, the roller coaster has become more complex. They now are taller, faster and are designed out of different materials like wood and steel. Although roller coasters are fun and exciting, the questions, what allows them to twist and turn, go up and down hills at a fairly good speed? Why do they not fall off of the track when it goes through a loop? The answer to these questions and others about roller coasters lies in the applicationÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Then as the coaster begins its decent down the first hill, the energy is converted back into kinetic energy as the train is pulled toward the Earth by gravity. Gravity is the traditional source of power for roller coasters that accelerates the train as i t goes on its hilly, twisty journey.3 Gravity is a unit of acceleration, that is always present, that causes free-falling objects on Earth to change their speed at a rate of approximately 10 m/s (32ft/s) every second.1 So, as the train goes down the hills of the track it has a positive acceleration giving it the necessary potential energy to Ã¢â¬Å"climbÃ¢â¬ the next hill, make a turn, or travel through a loop. Also, as the train goes down the hills and loops, it experiences a free fall effect. This occurs when an object falls and is not inhibited by other objects2 (314-315). As the train goes down the hill, the coastersÃ¢â¬â¢ mass causes it to accelerate faster than the people in the car. During the free fall stages of the ride the train does not exert any pressure on the riders or the track causing the riders to feel momentarily weightlessness. This is why the train has wheels on the bottom of the track and the passengers of the train have some sort of restraining device to hold them into their seats.3 So, as the train goes down the hill it is actually falling, causing the velocity of the train to increase due to theShow MoreRelatedRoller Coaster Physics1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIndividuals love to go to the amusement parks and try out the rides that are available. The most common and thrilling ride is the roller coaster. An amusement park is not an amusement park if it does not contain a roller coaster. What makes these roller coasters so fun that every amuse parks ha s one. A lot of people would say it is their extreme high speeds that makes it very exciting. That is a valid answer, but it is the wrong answer. The speed has nothing to do with the excitement. It is moreRead MoreThe Physics of Roller Coasters1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe anticipation builds. The roller coaster cannot seem reach the peak quickly enough. 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